With the rapid development of modern science and technology, all kinds of high-energy rays (such as X-ray) have been more and more widely applied. Besides, since people have put more and more concern to the protection of high-energy rays, and thus, the research and manufacture of X-ray protection materials is emerging in endlessly. There are three ways for X-ray protection, respectively time, distance and shielding protection. Wherein, the shielding protection is using or setting a kind of shielding material which can absorb the X-ray between human body and radiation source, thus to weaken or even eliminate the damage which X-ray brings to human body.
At present, the main X-ray protection material is the metal with high density, such as lead plate, lead rubber and compounds with lead, to shield the ionizing radiation of X-ray. However, as for personal radiation protection, lead oxide will firstly poison human body, and cause environmental pollution; secondly, the hard material will make human body uncomfortable.
For solving that problem, an invention has pointed out a method which takes ammonium metatungstate (AMT) as one kind of raw material component to prepare radiation shielding non-woven fabric. The radiation shielding non-woven fabric is some kinds of fabric with radiation shielding function which is formed by no need of spinning weaving. In this radiation shielding non-woven fabric, the weight ratios of all kinds of materials are: 1~10% of ammonium metatungstate (AMT), 5~20% of polyacrylonitrile copolymer and 80~95% of DMF, while the preparation steps are like following:
1. Weight the raw material of AMT, polyacrylonitrile copolymer and DMF according to weight ratio and get them into mixture solution, and then obtain spinning solution by ultrasonic standing deaeration;
2. Carry out electrostatic spinning process to the spinning solution which generated from step 1 to prepare grey cloth with nano or micron grade;
3. The grey cloth is carried out drying treatment and then went on preoxidation in the air;
4. Go on a carbonization after the grey cloth is finished preoxidation, then we will obtain the desired radiation shielding non-woven fabric.