Many metal oxides and some tungstate have the electrical conductivity and thermal insulation properties, and can be used as infrared shielding material. By heating the mixture solution of ammonium metatungstate (AMT) and alkali carbonate to 80°C, it can prepare some kind of tungsten oxide and tungsten bronze, and all these resulting substances can be used as the raw material of light transmission conductive films with infrared shielding property.
Thermal insulation additive is a kind of material which can stop the thermal conduction during heat transfer. Thermal insulation is the reduction of heat transfer (the transfer of thermal energy between objects of differing temperature) between objects in thermal contact or in range of radiative influence. Thermal insulation can be achieved with specially engineered methods or processes, as well as with suitable object shapes and materials. The insulating capability of a material is measured with thermal conductivity (k). Low thermal conductivity is equivalent to high insulating capability (R-value). In thermal engineering, other important properties of insulating materials are product density (ρ) and specific heat capacity (c).
Ammonium metatungstate to prepare thermal insulation additive, which is hydrogen tungsten bronze, is get ammonium metatungstate contact with hydrogen gas or reducing gas which can release hydrogen gas at a temperature of 2500K or higher, wherein the AMT can be replaced by ammonium paratungstate or ammonium hexametungstate and ammonium dodecatungstate and AMT hydrate; the reducing and releasing hydrogen include ammonia or volatile hydrocarbons such as ethane or propane, which may be used in place of hydrogen or as a mixture with hydrogen; in a plasma, in particular when the hydrogen and / or hydrogen-evolving gases are used in admixture with a noble gas.
In addition, a invention has pointed out a method for preparing insulating material with raw material of ammonium metatungstate, by preparing ammonium metatungstate solution as a precursor, then drying it to get AMT crystal; and then, reduce AMT at 100~500°C to generate composite tungsten oxide at the reaction condition, finally to form composite tungsten oxide film to play a role of heat insulation.